Summary by Utah Sports and Wellness

Link to Original Article: https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33269230/

  • Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery – 2020, Volume 1.
  • University of Granada, Spain and University of Hong Kong.
  • Study of 159 References.
  • Review the radiologic indications of different pathologic conditions that may affect the spine.

 

The Different Pathologic Conditions Studied:

  • Congenital
  • Traumatic
  • Degenerative
  • Inflammatory
  • Infectious
  • Tumor Disorders

Important Notes:

  • Radiography plays and important role in many conditions which affect the spine.
  • Radiography is one of the most frequently used techniques in the study of spinal pain.
  • The most common origin of spinal pain is classified as “non specific” (70%), while “mechanical back pain” (27%) is considered to be number two.
  • Back pain may be a secondary cause to infection, inflammation, or tumors. Radiographs are recommended for these conditions.
  • If clinical history, physical examination, and radiographs do not lead to any specific diagnosis, MRI is used as the next diagnostic exam.

Osteoporotic Vertebral Fracture, Degenerative Pathology, Instability, Spondylolisthesis, Scoliosis, Inflammatory Pathology, and Infectious Pathology can all be detected through radiographs. Panoramic view of the entire spine is essential in assessing control alignment or any developmental abnormalities.